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Have you decided to give your toddler goat’s milk formula, but not quite sure how to ensure your bottles don’t contain any harmful bacteria? Read our tips and information below to determine how you can remove any harmful bacteria from bottle-feeding equipment before you prepare your toddler’s goat’s milk formula!

Preparation Before Sterilising

Before you can sterilise the feeding equipment for goat’s milk formula, you must do some preparations first. If you have given your toddler some goat’s milk formula before, you must make sure all the bottles, teats and caps are clean before sterilising them.

To ensure your bottles, teats and caps are completely free of goat formula, you must wash them in some hot and soapy water. Clean the exterior of the bottles and teats, but also the interior of the bottles and teats, because this is the place where remaining goat formula piles up.

Of course, reaching the inside of the bottle is not that easy. Therefore, you will need a special tool such as a bottle brush to remove any remaining goat formula from the inside of the bottle. If you use a bottle brush to clear any goat formula from the inside of the bottle, please make sure you use a clean brush that is only used for bottle cleaning.

Once all remaining goat formula has been removed from the bottles, make sure you rinse all bottles, teats and caps with some cold, running water. When you have done this, you can move on to sterilising the bottle-feeding equipment.


The Different Types of Sterilisation

Parents who search for the best sterilisation method will often be surprised just how many options are out there. Therefore, we will focus on the three main types of sterilisation, which are known for their convenience, effectiveness or affordability. Depending on your budget or your requirements, you can choose any of these three to sterilise bottles, teats and caps.

Cold Water Sterilisation

Your first option to sterilise bottles, teats and caps, is cold water sterilisation; this sterilisation method is executed with a large container, a certain amount of water, and a special cold-water sterilisation solution.

Before we move on to the general instructions for using cold water sterilisation, we must mention that these instructions could vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. Therefore, be sure to check the instructions that come with the sterilising solution first before you start the sterilisation process.

To start sterilising your bottles, teats and caps with a cold-water sterilising solution, you must add a certain amount of cold water to the container. Then, add the cold-water sterilising solution to the container.

When you place the bottles, teats and caps in the container, please make sure that everything is fully submerged; this to make sure that every area is fully sterilised. If an area is not covered by the cold-water solution, then that area will still contain bacteria that could harm your child. Also, to ensure the bottles, teats and caps stay submerged, it is recommended to use a floating cover.

Aside from making sure everything is submerged, parents must also make sure that there are no air bubbles left in the teats or bottles. Air bubbles can hold onto bacteria, so ensuring no air bubbles are present is the only way to guarantee the sterilisation of the feeding equipment.

Steam Sterilising

Another option you could use to sterilise feeding equipment is steam sterilising; this is possible with a microwave, but also with special sterilising equipment available in baby stores. Naturally, steam sterilising methods can also vary according by the manufacturer of the steam steriliser.

To ensure your bottles, teats and caps are fully sterilised with the steam steriliser, please make sure you place the feeding equipment facing down in the steriliser; this will make sure the steam reaches the essential areas where bacteria must be destroyed.

Before you start sterilising with the steam steriliser, always check some of the vital information that is present in the manual; this could include the amount of time you can leave the feeding equipment in the steriliser before use, or how long the steam steriliser must run. Also, make sure to check when feeding equipment must be sterilised again if you do not use the feeding equipment.


The last method to sterilise feeding equipment, but also the most popular and affordable method, is boiling. To execute feeding equipment sterilisation through boiling, you will need a clean pot that is only used for sterilisation. Never use a pot that is also used for cooking, or a pot that has been used for cooking in the past!

To start the sterilisation process, simply add a good amount of water to the pot. Please make sure that there is enough water to submerge all the feeding equipment that will be placed in the pot. Then, make sure the water gets to boil for a minimum of 10 minutes. To ensure you sterilise for the right amount of time, please use a timer.

Even though boiling is more affordable than a cold-water solution, or than buying a steam steriliser, you must consider that boiling is a much harsher sterilisation method; this means that it is more likely for bottles and teats to get damaged prematurely. Therefore, always check the teats, bottles and caps for damage before you add goat’s milk formula.


After the Sterilising Process

Once you have sterilised the bottles, it is still possible for harmful bacteria to encounter bottles, teats and caps. Therefore, it is best to leave the bottles inside a sterilising solution or electric steriliser before you need them.

When you take the bottles out, do not forget to wash your hands with an anti-bacterial hand wash; this will make sure that no new bacteria are introduced.

Where Can I Find More Information About Sterilising Bottle-Feeding Equipment?

Do you have further questions about bottle-feeding equipment and sterilisation? Be sure to contact a midwife or another licenced medical professional for advice. Alternatively, you could also check parent forums for the important information you need!